JLPT N5 Kanji List - All 112 Characters You Need To Know

JLPT N5 Kanji List - All 112 Characters You Need To Know

If you've set your sights on acing the JLPT N5 exam, one thing's for sure - getting a firm grip on kanji is non-negotiable. Don't worry, though; we're here to make your journey smoother with our comprehensive guide to all kanji characters you need to conquer for the test.

Read also:

 

JLPT N5 - What's the Big Deal?

The Japanese Language Proficiency Test (JLPT) is the gold standard of Japanese language proficiency, recognized worldwide. As the first significant milestone in this journey, the JLPT N5 test is your ticket to showcasing your growing command of the language. By mastering the JLPT N5 kanji, you'll not only be prepared for the exam but also have a solid foundation to engage with basic Japanese texts and conversations.

In JLPT N5, kanji holds its own. The test assesses your ability to understand and use the kanji in various contexts. Moreover, understanding kanji opens up a world of vocabulary, boosting your reading comprehension and communication skills. So, mastering these characters is a giant leap toward a top-notch JLPT N5 score.

 

How Many Kanji For JLPT N5?

You'll be disappointed, but there's no official answer. The JLPT official organizers do not say how many kanji will be in the test, or which ones. But usually, it's around 80 to 100 kanji. 

In our JLPT N5 Kanji list below, we've included 112 kanji characters. Why 112 and not 80 or 100? Well, as we mentioned the JLPT doesn't mention which kanji will be included. Some kanji can be included in a year, not in the next one. And vice-versa.

With 112 kanji, you should be covered for all eventualities. 

All kanjis included in the list are beginner-level, and you will find them in a lot of very common vocabulary words. Actually after learning all these 112 kanji, you should be able to read around 30% of all Japanese texts!

 

The Twin Pillars of Kanji: Onyomi and Kunyomi readings

Each kanji character has two types of readings: Onyomi (Chinese-based) and Kunyomi (Japanese-based).

1. Onyomi reading

Onyomi refers to the Chinese-based readings of kanji characters. These readings were adopted from the original Chinese pronunciations when the characters were introduced to Japan. Onyomi readings are used when kanji characters appear together.

Example:

  • 休日 --> きゅうじつ = holiday
  • 電車 --> でんしゃ-->  = train

2. Kunyomi reading

Kunyomi refers to the native Japanese readings of kanji characters. These readings are used when kanji characters appear on their own (or with hiragana).

In the Kunyomi column in the table below, the hiragana characters in brackets stay as hiragana, whereas the rest of the word is usually written in kanji.

Example:

  • ひと(つ) --> 一つ = one thing
  • た(べる) --> 食べる = to eat

 

Hacks for Kanji Memorization

We're not going to lie... Learning kanji will take time. But it's doable. Repetition and consistency are key when learning kanji characters. Here are some helpful tips:

  1. Consistent Practice: Make kanji practice a daily habit. The more you see and use these characters, the more they will stick. Try to have them in front of your eyes as often as possible.
  2. Flashcards: Flashcards are great to test your memorization of kanji meanings and readings.
  3. Writing Practice: Nowadays with technology all around us, learning how to write kanji is not an obligation anymore. But writing kanji by hand can help solidify your memory.

 

A Kanji Companion: The JLPT N5 Kanji Poster

We know staring at a kanji list can be daunting, and we want to make your study time as productive as possible. This is why we made the JLPT N5 Kanji Poster. This visual aid has all the kanji you need in one place. You can keep it somewhere easy for you to access like above your desk (or on your toilet door!), and glance at it to be reminded of the kanji you learned so far as well as learn new ones:

kanji jlpt N5 poster with 112 kanji with English meaning, and onyomi and kunyomi readings

You can see more and order the poster here!

 

Your JLPT N5 Kanji Playbook

Finally, what you've been waiting for. Here are the 112 kanji you need to learn for the JLPT N5.

We've arranged the kanji list by category, making it easier to group and remember characters with related meanings.

Plus, we've included Onyomi and Kunyomi readings along with vocabulary for each character to give you a well-rounded understanding:

 

Kanji related to Numbers

Kanji Meaning Onyomi Kunyomi Vocabulary
One いち
ichi
ひと(つ)
hito(tsu)
一人
hitori
(one person, alone)
Two
ni
ふた(つ)
futa(tsu)
二人
futari
(two people)
Three さん
san
み(っつ)
mi(ttsu)
三日
mikka
(3rd day of the month)
Four
shi
よ(っつ), よん
yo(ttsu), yon
四日
yokka
(4th day of the month)
Five
go
いつ(つ)
itsu(tsu)
五日
itsuka
(5th day of the month)
Six ろく
roku
む(っつ)、むい
mu(ttsu), mui
六日
muika
(6th day of the month)
Seven しち
shichi
なな(つ), なな
nana(tsu), nana
七日
nanoka
(7th day of the month)
Eight はち
hachi
や(っつ), よう
ya(ttsu), you
八日
youka
(8th day of the month)
Nine きゅう, く
kyuu, ku
ここの(つ)
kokono(tsu)
九日
kokonoka
(9th day of the month)
Ten じゅう
juu
とう, とお
tou, too
十日
tooka
(10th day of the month)
Hundred ひゃく
hyaku
百円
hyakuen
(100 yen)
Five
go
いつ(つ)
itsu(tsu)
五日
itsuka
(5th day of the month)
Thousand せん
sen

chi
千円、千葉県
senen, chibaken
(1,000 yen), (Chiba prefecture)
Ten thousand まん
man
一万円、万年筆
ichimanen, mannenpitsu
(10,000 yen), (fountain pen)
Hundred-million おく
oku
一億円
ichiokuen
(100,000,000 yen)

 

 

Kanji related to Time 

Kanji Meaning Onyomi Kunyomi Vocabulary
Day, sun にち, じつ
nichi, jitsu
ひ, か
hi, ka
日曜日、休日
nichiyoubi, kyuujitsu
(Sunday), (holiday)
Week しゅう
shuu
来週、週末
raishuu, shuumatsu
(next week), (weekend)
Month, moon げつ, がつ
getsu, gatsu
つき
tsuki
月、月曜日
tsuki, getsuyoubi
(moon), (Monday)
Year ねん
nen
とし
toshi
今年、去年
kotoshi, kyonen
(this year), (last year)
Time, hour
ji
とき
toki
何時、時々
nanji, tokidoki
(what time), (sometimes)
Interval かん
kan
あいだ, ま
aida, ma
時間
jikan
(time)
Minute, part, understand ぶん, ふん, ぶ
bun, fun, bu
わ(かる)
wa(karu)
2分、 自分、 分かる
nifun, jibun, wakaru
(two minutes), (oneself), (to understand)
Noon
go
午前
gozen
(morning, A.M.)
Before ぜん
zen
まえ
mae
前回、駅前
zenkai, ekimae
(last time), (front of the station)
After ご, こう
go, kou
あと, うし
ato, ushi
後で、後ろ
atode, ushiro
(after), (behind)
Now こん
kon
いま
ima
今回、今
konkai, ima
(this time), (now)
Previous せん
sen
さき
saki
先週、先生
senshuu, sensei
(last week), (teacher)
Next, come らい
rai
く(る)
ku(ru)
来月、来る
raigetsu, kuru
(next month), (to come)
Every まい
mai
ごと
goto
毎日
mainichi
(every day)

 

 

Kanji related to People, Places, & Things

Kanji Meaning Onyomi Kunyomi Vocabulary
Person じん, にん
jin, nin
ひと
hito
アメリカ人、外人
amerikajin, gaijin
(American person), (foreigner)
Man だん, なん
dan, nan
おとこ
otoko
男の子、男性
otokonoko, dansei
(boy), (male)
Woman じょ
jo
おんな
onna
女の子、女性
onnanoko, josei
(girl), (female)
Child
shi

ko
子供、菓子屋
kodomo, kashiya
(child), (kashiya)
Mother
bo
はは
haha

haha
(mother)
Father
fu
ちち
chichi

chichi
(father)
Friend ゆう
yuu
とも
tomo
友達
tomodachi
(friend)
Book, Origin ほん
hon
もと
moto
日本、本当
nihon, hontou
(Japan), (reality)
Spirit
ki
元気
genki
(lively, fine)
Life せい, しょう
sei, shou
い(きる), う(まれる)
i(kiru), u(mareru)
生徒、生きる
seito, ikiru
(pupil), (to live)
Car しゃ
sha
くるま
kuruma
車、電車
kuruma, densha
(car), (train)
Language
go
かた(る)
kata(ru)
英語、日本語
eigo, nihongo
(English), (Japanese)
Ear
ji
みみ
mimi

mimi
(ear)
Hand しゅ
shu

te
手紙、選手
tegami, senshu
(letter), (athlete)
Foot そく
soku
あし、た(す)
ashi, ta(su)

ashi
(foot)
Eye もく
moku

me

me
(eye)
Mouth こう
kou
くち
kuchi
入り口
iriguchi
(entrance)
Shop てん
ten
みせ
mise
喫茶店
kissaten
(coffee shop)
Station えき
eki
駅弁
ekiben
(station bento)
Street どう
dou
みち
michi
道、道具
michi, dougu
(road), (tool)
Country こく
koku
くに
kuni
国、外国
kuni, gaikoku
(country), (foreign)
Study がく
gaku
まな(ぶ)
mana(bu)
大学、学ぶ
daigaku, manabu
(university), (to learn)
School こう
kou
学校
gakkou
(school)
Name めい, みょう
mei, myou

na
名前
namae
(name)
Yen, circle えん
en
まる(い)
maru(i)
円い
marui
(round)
Half はん
han
なか(ば)
naka(ba)
半分
hanbun
(half)
All ぜん
zen
まった(く), すべて
matta(ku), sube(te)
全然、全く
zenzen, mattaku
(completely, not at all), (really)
What
ka
なん, なに
nan, nani
何、何日
nani, nannichi
(what), (what day)

 

 

Kanji related to Nature & Directions

Kanji Meaning Onyomi Kunyomi Vocabulary
Fire
ka

hi
火、火曜日
hi, kayoubi
(fire), (Tuesday)
Water すい
sui
みず
mizu
水、水曜日
mizu, suiyoubi
(water), (Wednesday)
Tree もく
moku

ki
木、木曜日
ki, mokuyoubi
(tree), (Thursday)
Money, gold きん
kin
かね
kane
金、金曜日
kane, kinyoubi
(money), (Friday)
Earth ど, to つち
tsuchi
土地、土曜日
tochi, doyoubi
(land), (Saturday)
Sea かい
kai
うみ
umi
海、海外
umi, kaigai
(sea), (overseas)
River せん
sen
かわ
kawa

kawa
(river)
Mountain さん
san
やま
yama
山、富士山
yama, fujisan
(mountain), (Mt Fuji)
Flower
ka
はな
hana
花火、花粉症
hanabi, kafunshou
(fireworks), (hay fever)
Heaven てん
ten
あめ, あま
ame, ama
天気
tenki
(weather)
Sky, empty くう
kuu
そら, あける
sora, a(keru)
空、空港
sora, kuukou
(sky), (airport)
Sunny せい
sei
は(れ)
ha(re)
晴れ
hare
(sunny)
Rain
u
あめ
ame

ame
(rain)
Snow せつ
setsu
ゆき
yuki

yuki
(snow)
Cloud うん
un
くも
kumo
曇り
kumori
(cloudy)
Wind ふう
fuu
かぜ
kaze
風、台風
kaze, taifuu
(wind), (taiphoon)
Electricity でん
den
電気
denki
(electricity)
Outside がい
gai
そと,はず(れる)
soto, hazu(reru)
外、外国
soto, gaikoku
(outside), (foreign country)
Inside ない
nai
うち
uchi
内、車内
uchi, shanai
(inside), (inside the car/train)
Above じょう
jou
うえ, あ(げる)
ue, a(geru)
上、上手
ue, jouzu
(above), (good at)
Below か, げ
ka, ge
した、く(だる)
shita, ku(daru)
下、下さい
shita, kudasai
(below), (please)
Right ゆう
yuu
みぎ
migi

migi
(right)
Left
sa
ひだり
hidari

hidari
(left)
Middle ちゅう, じゅう
chuu, juu
なか
naka
中、中学校
naka, chuugakkou
(middle, in), (junior high school)
North ほく きた
kita

kita
(north)
西 West せい, さい
sei, sai
にし
nishi
西
nishi
(west)
East とう
tou
ひがし
higashi
東、東京
higashi, toukyou
(East), (Tokyo)
South なん
nan
みなみ
minami

minami
(south)

 

 

Kanji related to Verbs

Kanji Meaning Onyomi Kunyomi Vocabulary
See けん
ken
み(る)
mi(ru)
見る、見せる
miru, miseru
(to see), (to show)
Hear もん, ぶん
mon, bun
き(く)
ki(ku)
聞く
kiku
(to listen, to hear)
Write しょ
jo
か(く)
ka(ku)
書く、辞書
kaku, jisho
(to write), (dictionary)
Say げん
gen
い(う)
i(u)
言う
iu
(to say)
Talk
wa
はなし, はな(す)
hanashi, hana(su)
話す、電話
hanasu, denwa
(to talk), (telephone)
Read どく
doku
よ(む)
yo(mu)
読む
yomu
(to read)
Go こう
kou
い(く), おこな(う)
i(ku), okona(u)
行く、銀行
iku, ginkou
(to go), (bank)
Buy ばい
bai
か(う)
ka(u)
買う、買い物
kau, kaimono
(to buy), (shopping)
Exit しゅつ
shuu
で(る), だ(す)
de(ru), da(su)
出る、出口
deru, deguchi
(to exit), (exit)
Enter, put in にゅう
nyuu
はい(る), い(れる)
hai(ru), i(reru)
入る、立ち入り禁止
(to enter), (no entry)
Eat しょく
shoku
た(べる)
ta(beru)
食べる、食事
taberu, shokuji
(to eat), (meal)
Drink いん
in
の(む)
no(mu)
飲む、飲み物
nomu, nomimono
(to drink), (beverage)
Rest きゅう
kyuu
やす(む), やす(み)
yasu(mu), yasu(mi)
休む、休日
yasumu, kyuujitsu
(to rest), (holiday)
Meet かい
kai
あ(う)
a(u)
会う、会社
au, kaisha
(to meet), (company)

 

 

Kanji related to Adjectives

Kanji Meaning Onyomi Kunyomi Vocabulary
A lot
ta
おお(い)
oo(i)
多い、多分
ooi, tabun
(many), (probably)
A little しょう
shou
すこ(し), すく(ない)
suko(shi), suku(nai)
少し
sukoshi
(a little)
Old
ko
ふる(い)
furu(i)
古い
furui
(old)
New しん
shin
あたら(しい)
atara(shii)
新しい、新聞
atarashii, shinbun
(new), (newspaper)
Big だい, たい
dai, tai
おお(きい)
oo(kii)
大きい、大変
ookii, taihen
(big), (very, terribly)
Small しょう
shou
ちい(さい)、こ
chii(sai), ko
小さい
chiisai
(small)
Long, leader ちょう
chou
なが(い)
naga(i)
長い、部長
nagai, buchou
(long), (manager)
Short たん
tan
みじか(い)
mijika(i)
短い
mijikai
(short)
Far えん
en
とお(い)
too(i)
遠い
tooi
(far)
Near きん, こん
kin, kon
ちか(い)
chika(i)
近い、近く
chikai, chikaku
(close), (near)
White はく
haku
しろ, しろ(い)
shiro, shiro(i)
白い、面白い
shiroi, omoshiroi
(white), (interesting)
Black こく
koku
くろ、くろ(い)
kuro, kuro(i)
黒、真っ黒
kuro, makkuro
(black), (pitch black)
Expensive, high こう
kou
たか(い)
taka(i)
高い
takai
(expensive, tall)
Cheap, safety あん
an
やす(い)
yasu(i)
安い、安心
yasui, anshin
(cheap), (relief)

 

So there you have it, your roadmap to mastering JLPT N5 kanji. Remember, learning kanji isn't just about passing an exam. It's about unlocking the door to a rich language and culture. So gear up, be consistent, use the resources at hand, and let your kanji journey be full of exploration and wonder. Happy studying!

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